Published on April 3, 2023 

Book chapter in Ayhan Kaya, Ayşenur Benevento, Metin Koca Eds.(2023) Nativist and Islamist Radicalism: Anger and Anxiety, London: Routledge.

This chapter concludes the book by bringing together and questioning in various ways the arguments advanced by the contributors. The chapter summarises the main findings and identifies future research trajectories based on four bullet points, including (1) the conceptualisation and typologies of radicalisation, (2) the peculiarities of nativist-populist, and Islamist radicalisation, (3) the main drivers and facilitators behind such radicalisation processes, and (4) the possible remedies for radicalisation. While elaborating on numerous cases in which policymakers, academics, and practitioners use the word radicalisation, the chapter argues that radicalisation, as a concept, should go beyond the connotations of violence, extremism, and terrorism. In addition, the connections between radicalisation and economic disparities, feelings of discrimination, cultural alienation, and various individual and social-psychological factors are investigated. The chapter concludes that radicalisation provides socioeconomically, politically, spatially, and nostalgically deprived individuals with an opportunity to build an imagined home away from alienation.

Available under a Gold Open Access License